The Difference Between Chicken Stock and Chicken Broth
I am constantly asked, "What's the difference between chicken stock and chicken broth?"
Many cooks and chefs use the words "stock" and "broth" interchangeably. I have done a lot of research on the subject to clarify this issue, both for myself and my readers.
My conclusion: there is no real way to clear up this debate.
Unsurprisingly, it seems that most chefs and sources fall into one of two camps: the one that uses the words interchangeably and the camp for which there is a distinct difference between broth and stock.
And be careful; I have received heated emails from people who don't agree with my definition and can only respond by asking if we can agree to disagree.
Some definitions state that a "broth" is a finished product that can be served as is, while a stock is a dish component and is never served on its own. According to these definitions, the only difference between the two could be the addition of salt to make a broth out of stock.
So What Is Broth and What Is Stock?
For clarity, home cooks should understand the distinction when one is made. Broth is made when vegetables and/or meats are simmered gently in water to extract all the flavors.
Stock is made when vegetables and meaty bones are simmered gently in water to extract all the flavors. Simply put, it is not a stock if the mixture was not made with bones.
If you go with this definition, there is no such thing as vegetable stock. It can only be called vegetable broth since there are no bones - at least not in my veggie stock, but I still call it veggie stock now and again.
*Disclaimer: Understand that the distinctions are very murky. I am trying to clarify the distinction based on my research and what some chef friends told me. If you have read/learned otherwise, it is a matter of source rather than right and wrong.
To me, a stock brings the body to a finished dish. Broth brings flavor. Heating bones (as well as vegetables and meats) gently in hot water extracts a lot of gelatin. This happens when the connective tissues attached to the bones, and within the bones themselves melt and dissolve into the surrounding liquid.
If you have ever made a stock with a high proportion of bones, you will notice that the stock has a jelly-like consistency when chilled. This happens when the gelatin sets up in the refrigerator, much like a favorite gelatin dessert!
Body or Flavor?
The downside of making a stock with just bones is that, while you get a lot of body, you only get a little meaty flavor. You need to use a combination of meat and bones to have a full-bodied, meaty stock. Make a stock with both, especially if there will be minimal finishing before serving.
If, for example, you will use some stock as a braising liquid, plenty of meaty flavors will come from the meat to be braised. In that instance, the stock would not necessarily have to be meaty to begin with.
If, on the other hand, you are going to use your stock as the main liquid component in a soup, you might want to start with a meatier-flavored stock.
When you want the flavor of a dish to be more pronounced than the body, consider making a broth. I find that a hearty, meaty soup can sometimes be overpowering when made with a rich stock. In these cases, I prefer using a flavorful but lighter broth as a base.
As an illustration of the differences between broth and stock, consider these recipes for chicken broth and chicken stock:
Chicken Stock and Chicken Broth
For both of these recipes, the procedure is the same.
- Place all the ingredients in a stock pot.
- Cover all with cold water
- Slowly bring up to a simmer.
- Simmer stock for 6 hours; broth for 2 hours (it takes longer to extract all the gelatin from the bones than it does flavor from the meat)
- Add salt to the broth, to taste
- Strain the liquids using a fine mesh strainer and discard the meat, bones, spices, and vegetables.
- *For a full-bodied and meaty stock/broth, use 3 pounds of bones plus 1-2 pounds of meat.
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