Insalata Caprese Recipe

August 16, 2007 12 Comments

Insalata Caprese Recipe

Another Name for Tomatoes, Mozzarella and Basil Salad or Caprese Salad

Insalata Caprese is the fancy gourmet name for tomatoes, mozzarella and basil, a dish I eat all summer long as soon as the fresh local tomatoes are ready.  Now I find out the Reluctant Gourmet is preparing them all wrong.

I was first told I was making them wrong by Connie Devlin, the mother of one of my wife’s close friends, Susan Devlin. Connie, of Italian descent,  possibly makes the best meatballs I’ve ever tasted. During a weekend visit to Susan’s home in New Jersey, we were preparing Insalata Caprese for a dinner party and I suggested adding a little aged balsamic vinegar.

Connie jumped all over me and said, “No vinegar. You don’t mix tomatoes and vinegar.”

“What, no aged balsamic vinegar!” I didn’t believe her for a minute and continued my balsamic vinegar ways and enjoyed every moment.

What, No Vinegar!

So here I am on vacation in the beautiful ocean side community of Avalon, New Jersey reading a week old food section of The Philadelphia Inquirer and lo and behold I come across an article on Insalta Caprese.

And what do you think they say about making this classic summer treat?  No vinegar. I am shocked, dismayed and still disbelieving so I read further.

Insalta caprese comes from the southern Italian island of Capri and according to tradition, the salad is made up of only five ingredients: tomatoes, mozzarella, basil, olive oil and salt. No vinegar. In fact, according to the article and in support of Connie Devlin, vinegar and tomatoes don’t work together.

Why?  Because Italians like their salad tomatoes firm, slightly green and tart rather than fully ripe and sweeter the way I prefer them.  To them, there is absolutely no reason to add more tartness to the tomatoes with balsamic vineagar. Southern Italians believe the firm, tart slightly green tomatoes are the perfect complement to soft, milky texture of fresh mozzarella.

Speaking of fresh mozzarella, we are talking about the type you find sold packed in water, not the stuff you find at the grocer in shrink-wrapped plastic that is more often used for making pizza. Don’t even bother serving those rubber balls of mozzarella with fresh tomatoes and basil. Not prudent at all.

I usually buy a tub of fresh mozzarella at Costco. It saves me a lot of money but also means I always have some on hand. The shelf life is at least a couple of weeks but be sure to change the water every once in awhile. Good quality fresh mozzarella should be soft, milky and sweet in flavor. You will know when it is starting to go just by the smell. So if you do not plan to have mozzarella every other night, you may be better off purchasing it in smaller quantities.

The olive oil should be the best extra virgin olive oil you can afford.  I try to find the freshest EVOO (extra virgin olive oil) available and that means looking at the labels in your specialty shops and learning when the oil was produced. See my post on Fresh Pressed Olive Oil to learn more.   You can find good quality extra virgin olive oil at most gourmet specialty store and now in your local supermarkets. You don’t want to overpower the other fresh ingredients with the oil so you only need a small amount.

The salt should be sea salt. I know I wrote an article called Salt is Salt that basically says all salt is NaCl and therefore there is no difference in taste, but I have been asking a lot of chefs and testing various types of  salts myself and I agree with the chefs that sea salt has a cleaner salty flavor. I’ll work on a more comprehensive taste test and report back in a future blog. You can learn more about sea salt and where to purchase some high end product also at GatewayGourmet.

Of course the basil should be fresh and I like to use whole leaves depending on the size of the tomatoes slices. You want to make sure the basil is fresh, not wilted. This time of year there is so much basil around, you can pick it up in most supermarkets at a fairly reasonable price.

We grow our own basil in our backyard and I’m not sure why, but it seems to have a much stronger flavor than the basil we get at the market. I’m guessing the incredibly strong flavor has something to do with its type.

Putting the Insalada Caprese Together

There are lots of ways you can arrange the salad. I typically like to start with whole tomato slices arranged on a platter or individual serving plates but lately I have been cutting the tomato slices in half and sort of stack them like fallen dominos. How thick you slice the tomato gives you some more options. I think ¼ to ½ inch slices work fine.

Next I add a layer of fresh mozzarella to each tomato slice. Be sure to bring the mozzarella cheese to room temperature before serving. Cold mozzarella will not have the same flavor as room temperature cheese.

I then add the fresh basil leaves on top of the mozzarella matching leaf size with tomato size. Big leaves for the bigger slices, smaller ones for the smaller slices.

Then comes the extra virgin olive oil. I stick my thumb over the end of the bottle and drizzle it over the tomato, mozzarella, basil combination. Depending on your personal tastes, add more or less oil to the salad. You don’t want to overwhelm the flavor, just enhance it and remember, it is easier to add more oil then take it away.

It’s now time for a pinch or two of sea salt and some freshly ground pepper. If you don’t have a pepper grinder, I highly recommend you invest in one and then try out various types of  pepper. You will be pleasantly surprised by flavor of good quality pepper freshly ground before using.

Balsamic Vinegar or Not

I’m sorry but I like aged balsamic vinegar on my insalata caprese. Maybe it’s the fact that our tomatoes are not unripe and tart or maybe it’s because the aged balsamic vinegar adds a wonderful sweetness to the dish.

Good quality aged balsamic vinegar is nothing like the inexpensive stuff you buy at the supermarket. It is very expensive and is used oh so sparingly. Just a few drops can add a whole lot of  flavor to anything you drizzle it on. It is nothing like red or white wine vinegar and I would NOT add these to my insalate caprese.

You can find some really good Aged Balsamic Vinegars at

Great Time of Year

With all the wonderful fresh tomatoes and basil around, do some of your own experimenting with it and see what combination works for you. There is no perfect way to prepare it, just what tastes good to you.

Insalata Caprese

Prep Time: 10 minutes

Total Time: 10 minutes

Serving Size: depends

Insalata Caprese


Thick slices of fresh, ripe tomatoes, in season (or slightly less than ripe, if you're being strictly Italian)

Thick slices of fresh mozzarella cheese

Fresh basil, either torn or whole, depending on the size of the leaves

Best quality extra virgin olive oil

Best quality sea salt

Freshly ground black pepper

Best quality aged balsamic vinegar (unless you're being strictly Italian)

How To Prepare At Home

Arrange layers of tomato, mozzarella and basil either on a large platter or on individual plates.

Drizzle on a bit of extra virgin olive oil.

Sprinkle on a pinch or two of sea salt and a couple of grindings of fresh black pepper.

If you're not being strictly Italian, drizzle on just a few drops of aged balsamic.


Cut small cubes of mozzarella (or buy the small 1" balls called bocconcini) and use cherry tomatoes instead of large tomatoes.

Thread the ingredients on skewers, drizzle with olive oil, salt and pepper and the optional balsamic.

Voila: insalate caprese on a stick, perfect for a walk-around or pre-barbecue appetizer!

Last modified on Tue 12 August 2014 7:22 am

Filed in: Salad Recipes

Comments (12)

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  1. Hillary says:

    So many caprese salads have been floating all over the food blogs! I love them!


  2. Jonathan Horwich says:

    Excellent article with good explanations and good sources of where to buy and what to buy. Very refreshing to get such thorough data. Joanthan

  3. Ruth Niesen says:

    Some cartoon caption ideas:

    ” I guess the lean burgers would have been a safer bet.”

    “Who put the olive oil in the water spray bottle?” 

    “You mean, you don’t use lighter fluid on a gas grill?”

  4. jerry b. says:

    Shocked to learn balsamic is a no-no.
    Personally, I think it makes it better.
    Furthermore, I disdain salt and sprinkle “Italian Seasoning”…… also known as Dried Oregano, Dried Basil, and Dried Parsley.
    It adds to the appearance more than the flavor.
    Give it a try.

  5. Blake P. says:

    Very well-written and informative! The reason your backyard basil is so much more flavorful than the stuff you find in the supermarket is likely because the latter is grown hydroponically.

  6. Seth says:

    I’ve always heard vinegar was a no-no with caprese, but I never heard why, it was just common knowledge. I myself always include it, as I just love the additional flavor it adds. That said, the next time I have access to some unripe tomatoes I will try a taste test and see how I feel.

  7. Erin says:

    Funny. We too were vacationing in Avalon when I stumbled upon your article. Something about the beach and the summer sun make me crave Insalata Caprese!

    Cannot wait to try your recipe! (Without vinegar)

  8. RG says:

    Hi Erin, hope you enjoyed your Avalon experience. What will you use as a substitute for vinegar. I think the tomatoes and mozzarella need some form of acidity besides that from the tomato.

  9. jack roberts says:

    Hey, the recipe is good, however I have to agree with the Balsamic vinegar, but I like to kick it up a couple of notches and alternately stack the tomato slices and cheese vertically and make a tower then drizzle it with a balsamic reduction sauce and pesto.It is always a big hit.

  10. MC says:

    I don’t like to use vinegar on mine but sometimes I flavor the oil with garlic. To do this, I put a good amount of oil in a small skillet and slice up a bunch if garlic cloves. Combine the garlic and olive oil over low heat until the garlic is turning golden brow. Remove the garlic from the pan and let it drain on a plate with some paper towels. The garlic chips taste great and are a nice garnish. The infused oil is outstanding and s a versatile addition to many dishes.

  11. JC says:

    We have spent a lot of time vacationing in Lucca, Tuscany. We frequent a sun drehcned restaurant called ‘Prosciutto e Melone ‘ just outside the Anfiteatro. We always order Caprese salad with Mozzarella di Bufala. Oh Man! What a treat! The tomatoes are always red, ripe and juicy. They bring out the Balsamic vinegar for us to drizzle on the salad. We are in heaven! Now, pair that with the crisp, tart, house white wine and you have a fabulous meal! For us, the key to the whole dish is that they don’t overly chill the ingredients. Slightly chilled or room temp brings out all the wonderful flavors. We Americans tend to eat most of our foods fresh from the fridge. Food that is too cold kills the flavors. Let them warm a bit, and the flavors come alive. We vote yes on Balsamico!

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